An access control system is a security mechanism that regulates access to resources or information based on a set of policies, rules, and credentials. It is designed to manage and control access to physical or digital assets such as buildings, rooms, files, data, and systems.
Access control systems typically use a combination of authentication, authorization, and accounting mechanisms to ensure that only authorized individuals or entities can access protected resources. The system first authenticates the identity of the user, typically through a username and password, smart card, biometric, or other forms of credentials. Then, the system checks the user’s access permissions to determine whether they have the necessary authorization to access the resource. Finally, the system keeps track of user activities and events for auditing and accountability purposes.
Access control systems can be implemented using a range of technologies, such as RFID, smart cards, biometric scanners, and encryption. They are widely used in various industries, including healthcare, finance, government, and education, to protect sensitive information, maintain privacy, and prevent unauthorized access.