A substation is a facility that plays a critical role in the transmission and distribution of electrical power from the power plant to consumers. It is an important part of the power grid and serves as a junction point where power from multiple transmission lines is distributed to different areas.
Substations typically include various electrical equipment and components, such as transformers, circuit breakers, switches, and busbars. These components are used to transform and regulate the voltage and current of the power supply, as well as to protect the electrical system from overloads and other faults.
Substations can be designed for indoor or outdoor use, depending on the location and climate. They are typically constructed with safety features, such as fencing, warning signs, and grounding systems, to prevent accidents and ensure proper functioning.
Overall, substations are essential components of the power grid and play a critical role in ensuring reliable and efficient delivery of electrical power to consumers.